Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): The Comprehensive Guide

gastro doctors in Dera Bassi
Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a common gastrointestinal disorder affecting millions of individuals worldwide. A range of distressing symptoms characterizes it, IBS can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. So, if you need more info, this comprehensive guide provides an overview of IBS from the gastro doctors in Dera Bassi, including its symptoms, potential causes, diagnosis, and management strategies.

Symptoms of IBS

IBS presents a variety of symptoms that can vary in intensity and duration. The most common symptoms include abdominal pain or discomfort, bloating, gas, and altered bowel habits. These altered bowel habits can manifest as diarrhea, constipation, or a combination of both. Individuals with IBS may also experience an urgency to have a bowel movement, a feeling of incomplete evacuation, and mucus in the stool. Stress and certain foods can exacerbate these symptoms.

Causes of IBS

The exact cause of IBS remains unclear, but several factors are believed to contribute to its development. These include abnormalities in the gut-brain axis, changes in gut motility, visceral hypersensitivity, and intestinal inflammation. Psychological factors such as stress, anxiety, and depression can also trigger or worsen symptoms.

Diagnosis of IBS

Diagnosing IBS involves thoroughly assessing a patient’s medical history and symptoms. No specific tests definitively diagnose IBS, but a gastro doctor in Zirakpur may perform various tests to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms. These tests may include blood tests, stool tests, imaging studies, and endoscopy. The Rome criteria, a set of guidelines developed to standardize the diagnosis of functional gastrointestinal disorders like IBS, are often used to aid in diagnosis.

How to manage IBS or Irritable Bowel Syndrome?

While IBS has no cure, various management strategies can help individuals control their symptoms and improve their quality of life.


Dietary Modifications

Certain dietary changes can help alleviate IBS symptoms. A low-FODMAP diet, which restricts certain fermentable carbohydrates, has effectively reduced symptoms for many IBS patients. Keeping a food diary can help identify trigger foods.

Lifestyle Changes

Managing stress through relaxation techniques, exercise, and adequate sleep can positively impact IBS symptoms. Moroever, regular physical activity can promote healthy gut function and reduce stress.


Depending on the predominant symptoms, doctors may prescribe medications. Antispasmodics can help reduce cramping, while laxatives or anti-diarrheal medications can address bowel irregularities. Probiotics might also offer relief by promoting a healthier gut microbiome.

Psychological Therapies

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and other psychological therapies can assist in managing stress and anxiety, which are known triggers for IBS symptoms.

Alternative Therapies

Acupuncture, yoga, and mindfulness meditation are alternative approaches that some individuals find beneficial in managing IBS symptoms.

Support and Education

Joining support groups or seeking counseling can provide emotional support and education about managing IBS.

The Bottom Line

Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a complex gastrointestinal disorder that presents with a range of distressing symptoms. While there is no definitive cure, various strategies, including dietary modifications, lifestyle changes, medications, psychological therapies, and alternative approaches, can help manage symptoms and enhance overall well-being. 


So, if you suspect you have IBS, it is important to seek guidance from a healthcare professional like for proper diagnosis and personalized management.


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